Gut Microbes Converted Type A Into Universal Donor Blood

Scientists from the University
of British Columbia (UBC) have found a way to nearly double the amount
of universal donor blood available. They discovered microbes in the human gut that produce
two enzymes which efficiently strip type A blood of its antigens, transforming
it into type O. This process could ease blood shortages and revolutionize blood
donation and transfusion.


Scientist Confirm That The Human Body Is A Mosaic Of Different Genomes

A new study has confirmed that the human body is, in fact, a complex mosaic made up of clusters of cells with different genomes. The largest such study to date compiles data from thousands of samples collected from about 500 people and 29 different types of tissue. Scientists say that “normal” human tissues are permeated with mutations and many cells in the body bear mutations that could contribute to cancer. These findings could help scientists better understand how cancer starts.

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Factors That Have a Significant Effect on Telomere Preservation

The human body and its cells have several different mechanisms for protecting its essential parts and expressing all the indicators that shape every individual in unique ways. Telomeres play a lead role in that process, ensuring our genetic blueprints remain intact, but even they have a limit. With the rise of genetic engineering, researchers have found a way to extend the lifespan of telomeres and delay senescence and onset of disease.


Researchers Speed Up Drug Discovery With New Zombie-Like Cells

Scientists from the
University of Alabama (UA) have invented a new and bizarre technique to
discover novel natural compounds in cells. It
involves human, “zombie-like” cells that are technically no longer alive but
their membranes continue to bind different and potentially useful compounds in
samples. This technique may allow scientists to screen natural products for
drugs at a faster pace.


Coca-Cola Backed Nutrition Research Holds Back Anti-Sugar Results

The Coca-Cola Company, one of the world’s largest producers of sugary beverages, has funded scientific research on fitness and public health at universities around the world. The newly-uncovered documents reveal that the money comes with strings attached. Five different funding agreements from universities show the company can prevent the results from going public, and has done so in the past. Similar concerns about conflicts of interest in commercially-funded research led to increasing funding disclosure requirements in science. However, researchers believe that this is probably not enough to assess the full extent of bias.


Huge Study Finds “Zero Risk” Of HIV Transmission During Drug Treatment

Scientists hope an end to
the Aids epidemic could be in sight after eight years long study found men
whose HIV infection was fully suppressed by antiretroviral drugs had no chance
of infecting their partner. Not a single one of the HIV-negative men contracted
the virus from their partner. The success of the medicine is notable and raises
hope. If everyone with HIV were fully treated, there would be no further


CRISPR Gene-Editing Has Opened Doors for Exotic Model Organisms

Scientists are trying to
move beyond conventional model organisms, like fruit flies, zebrafish, yeast,
and mice. They started using CRISPR gene-editing technology to craft new model
organisms or to study the animals that they are more interested in. The genetic alterations generally take hold
but the practical challenges of breeding and maintaining unconventional lab
animals persist.